Enroll Now for Fall

by jnnielsen on September 13, 2017

As we start the new School year I thought it would be helpful to talk about the different stages  in regards to young children. In each stage of life ,according to Erikson, a person has a positive outcome or a negative outcome. For example an infant learns trust or mistrust in their early years. Trust is generated by the attention that a parent or caretaker gives to the young child. As their needs are met they can trust that they will continue to be met and their basic needs of food, comfort, sleep will be taken care of in a consistent pattern.  If they are not met consistently they develop a sense of mistrust.

In the next stage of early childhood, children learn autonomy vs. shame. Starting at he age of two  children want to start doing things on their own. They want to feed themselves, dress themselves, start using the toilet. they need to be assisted to do these tasks on their own. If they are not allowed to do this, they develop a sense of shame that they can’t take care of themselves to any degree. Children still need supervision but with an eye to the fact they want to test their limits. Most children know what their limits are, but for safety the parent or teacher needs to be ready to lend a hand.

Two years olds are learning to relate to their peers. As they play they start to develop relationships and learn what the norms of those relationships are.We don’t hit someone to get our way, we don’t grab a toy that we want. We don’t hit someone who is not cooperating with us.

Two year olds are learning words  and language structure so that relationships can be negotiated with language. They are also beginning to work on small muscle development. so that they can color or paint, turn the pages of a book, stack blocks, put together simple puzzles, and play with toys.

Three and four year olds are in a stage Piaget calls pre-operational taking a further step up that rung in cognitive ability. Play can include two or three children. The scenarios are more complex. They can put together multi-piece puzzles, play with a large block sets and create buildings and roads and play with more purpose. They can contribute more to story times with understanding the plot and contributing to the story.They enjoy dressing up and acting out different roles in their lives such as family roles, community roles, etc.

In this stage the chid still needs concrete objects to understand concepts and cannot figure things out with just their mental abilities. Children at this stage want the why of things. the world is a mystery. but they are on their way to discovery.As we start the new School year I thought it would be helpful to talk about the different stages  in regards to young children. In each stage of life ,according to Erikson, a person has a positive outcome or a negative outcome. For example an infant learns trust or mistrust in their early years. Trust is generated by the attention that a parent or caretaker gives to the young child. As their needs are met they can trust that they will continue to be met and their basic needs of food, comfort, sleep will be taken care of in a consistent pattern.  If they are not met consistently they develop a sense of mistrust.

In the next stage of early childhood, children learn autonomy vs. shame. Starting at he age of two  children want to start doing things on their own. They want to feed themselves, dress themselves, start using the toilet. they need to be assisted to do these tasks on their own. If they are not allowed to do this, they develop a sense of shame that they can’t take care of themselves to any degree. Children still need supervision but with an eye to the fact they want to test their limits. Most children know what their limits are, but for safety the parent or teacher needs to be ready to lend a hand.

Two years olds are learning to relate to their peers. As they play they start to develop relationships and learn what the norms of those relationships are.We don’t hit someone to get our way, we don’t grab a toy that we want. We don’t hit someone who is not cooperating with us.

Two year olds are learning words  and language structure so that relationships can be negotiated with language. They are also beginning to work on small muscle development. so that they can color or paint, turn the pages of a book, stack blocks, put together simple puzzles, and play with toys.

Three and four year olds are in a stage Piaget calls pre-operational taking a further step up that rung in cognitive ability. Play can include two or three children. The scenarios are more complex. They can put together multi-piece puzzles, play with a large block sets and create buildings and roads and play with more purpose. They can contribute more to story times with understanding the plot and contributing to the story.They enjoy dressing up and acting out different roles in their lives such as family roles, community roles, etc.

In this stage the chid still needs concrete objects to understand concepts and cannot figure things out with just their mental abilities. Children at this stage want the why of things. the world is a mystery. but they are on their way to discovery.

Piaget says that children learn these things through the process of assimilation and accommodation. This means the children take new information from their surroundings and assimilate into the experiences they have previously had. This expands their world view. It is important for children to have a variety of experiences and it is why we provide such a wide range of activities for them. But they still look at the world with an egocentric viewpoint. It is hard  for them to distinguish between different viewpoints.

Children have points of readiness. It is important to realize each child’s abilities and have appropriate expectations.

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